Unauthorized Access is when a person who does not have permission to connect to or use a system gains entry in a manner unintended by the system owner. The popular term for this is “Hacking”. Nobody wants that someone access to his/her system in unauthorized way. Now the question is, how we can prevent our system from unauthorized access?
Below is additional information about helping to secure your computer and prevent any unauthorized access from other people or software programs; helping keep your information safe.
1. Operating system and software patches and updates:
There is no such thing as perfect software, often a software program may have several issues and could potentially have security vulnerabilities that can leave your computer open to attacks that compromise your computer and your data. Software patches, updates, and drivers are made available, often for free, to consumers to help keep a software program and operating systems running properly and secure. If the program you’re using does not have any type of method of checking for updates on its own it is up to you to verify the program is up-to-date. Often this can be done by visiting the web site of the developer who created the program. A listing of third-party companies and links to each of their pages can be found on our third-party support page.
Make sure a password has been set on computer. Default passwords such as password, root, admin or no password will allow easy access to your computer or your Internet account.
- Change passwords often. It is recommended at least once every few months.
- Create a BIOS password.
- When creating a password, add numbers or other characters to the password to make it more difficult to guess; for example: 1mypassword23!.
- Do not use sticky notes around your computer to write down passwords. Instead use a password manager.
3. Get a hardware or software firewall
We highly recommend all users have some type of firewall solution. There are two types of firewall’s your computer and/or network can have.
- Hardware firewall – A hardware firewall is a hardware device that is connected to your network. Often many home users who have a home network use their network router as a firewall solution.
- Software firewall – A software firewall is a software program that you install on your computer that helps protect that computer from unauthorized incoming and outgoing data. Below is a listing of a few of the more widely used software firewall programs.
In addition many of the antivirus scanners released today also include their own version of a firewall program. If you have a antivirus scanner that also has a firewall program you do not need to worry about getting one of the above programs or another third-party firewall program.
To be continue…
By: Roozbeh Babaeizadeh ( Law in Cyberspace )